LondonвЂ™s two lesbian intimate wellness clinics had been founded by a health care provider ssoulcams involved in genitourinary solutions that has seen that lesbians and bisexual females are not well offered by current solutions. The very first center, the Sandra Bernhard, had been created in 1992 at Charing Cross Hospital in west London. 3 The interest in appointments only at that hospital resulted in the opening of a moment in 1993, the Audre Lorde in the Royal London Hospital in eastern London. These clinics had been emerge genitourinary divisions with feminine staff, providing health that is sexual to lesbians and bisexual females.
We current study information because of these two clinics in addition to from lesbian and bisexual womenвЂ™s community teams and snowball connections over the great britain. This information that is detailed the intimate records and methods of more than 1000 lesbians and bisexual ladies is supposed to share with those that offer medical care or carry down research with ladies who can be intimately active with other females.
Within the duration 1992вЂ“5 a numbered questionnaire for self conclusion had been wanted to brand new clients attending either the Bernhard or perhaps the Audre Lorde lesbian intimate wellness clinics in London (clinic sample n=803). As well as the hospital test, a residential area test had been purposively selected 12 to add those that had been diverse when it comes to geography, battle, course, and disability. Groups or organisations were identified through listings within the lesbian and press that is homosexual participants had been recruited from across England and Scotland by dispersing a questionnaire after focus team sessions concerning basic or intimate health insurance and at conferences (n=415). 3 A snowballing technique 12 had been utilized to disseminate further questionnaires to associates associated with focus team attenders.
All feminine participants who reported previous or present activity that is sexual females had been included along with women that offered no reputation for exact same intercourse sex, but whom defined their intimate orientation as lesbian, bisexual, homosexual, dyke, khush, or zami. People who described on their own as heterosexual, without any past reputation for sexual intercourse with females, had been excluded through the research.
The questionnaire collected demographic information, intimate history with both women and men, and intimate practice with female lovers. In addition, almost all of the grouped community test had been expected questions regarding intimate training with guys and safer intercourse (n=328).
Information were entered in to a analytical analysis package ( spss variation 10) and analysed utilizing easy proportions, correlation coefficients, and П‡ 2 tests of significance.
Precise response prices are as yet not known; questionnaires had been wanted to around 1000 brand new attenders towards the two London sexual wellness clinics; 803 hospital reactions had been received and analysed. In most, 1136 questionnaires had been provided to community teams (a number of that might n’t have been distributed); 415 among these had been analysed and received.
Reaction prices to specific concerns diverse; there is a response that is good demographic questions (96.2вЂ“99.8%), by having a poorer reaction to concerns handling sex that is anal77.2вЂ“79.7%). Where concerns had been expected just of this community subgroup, that is suggested when you look at the results.
Description of test
Dining dining dining Table 1 shows demographic attributes of the test.
Eighty eight per cent of participants categorised on their own as white (white British, Irish, European, white other), 4% black (black colored Caribbean, black colored African, black colored Uk, black colored other), 2% Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Chinese, Asian British), and 5% вЂњother.вЂќ
Ninety % associated with the sample that is whole on their own in the next terms: lesbian, homosexual, dyke, khush, or zami. Eight per cent identified by themselves as bisexual and 2% вЂњotherвЂќ sexual orientation.
Eighty two percent (887/1085) of lesbians had a brief history of intercourse with guys, 5% inside the year that is past. Practically all (98/101, 97%) bisexual females had a brief history of sex with males, 50% in the previous 12 months. Ladies aged 30 and underneath had been more prone to explain by themselves as bisexual (63/567, 11%) compared to those over three decades old (39/625, 6%) (p treat this table: life partnerships that are sexual men and women
How many feminine partners that are sexual perhaps perhaps maybe not correlate with wide range of male intimate lovers (correlation coefficient 0.094); for instance, females with a brief history of bigger variety of male lovers usually do not likewise have a reputation for bigger amounts of feminine lovers, and vice versa.
dining Table 3 shows the regularity of different practices that are sexual people.
Twenty six percent reported a history of being pregnant; 13.5percent reported more than one real time births, 0.3% reported stillbirths, 5.8% had miscarried, and 13.5% had undergone termination of maternity. There was clearly no difference between maternity prices by intimate identification; 26% (274/1069) of lesbians have been expecting weighed against 29% (29/99) of bisexual females (p=0.27).
Utilization of barriers in sex (safer sex)
3 hundred and twenty eight females had been expected questions about safer intercourse with men and women into the previous decade.
Eighty six per cent of the whom reported dental intercourse with women (n=296) had never ever utilized dental dams; 13% utilized them occasionally or frequently and 1% constantly utilized them. Of the whom reported sharing adult toys with ladies (n=127), 22% never washed them before sharing, 31% washed them sporadically or frequently, with 47% constantly washing them. In addition, 22% of the sex that is sharing used condoms sometimes or often when sharing, and 26% constantly did.
Of these whom reported sex that is penetrative males (penis-vagina) (n=170), 32% had never utilized condoms or femidoms, 45% utilized them sometimes or frequently, and 23% constantly did. Of these who reported penetration that is anal a penis (n=35), 42% had never ever utilized a condom or femidom, 29% utilized them sometimes or frequently, and 29% constantly did. Of this 128 women that reported sex that is oral males, 80% never ever utilized condoms, 16% sometimes or usually, and 4% constantly used them.
Sexual orientation could be defined by intimate identification, sexual attraction, or intimate behavior. 13 These definitions are certainly not congruent, consequently they are very likely to vary in level and as time passes. We selected topics on such basis as both intimate identification and intimate behavior. We utilized convenience sampling (chosen by virtue of attendance at lesbian clinics or through lesbian and bisexual womenвЂ™s community teams) since lesbian and bisexual intimate orientation is stigmatised and topics difficult to take research. 14 The clinics had been advertised as lesbian intimate health clinics, and also the survey referred to as a survey of lesbian intimate wellness, therefore bisexual ladies are apt to be under-represented. The results presented may not be directly generalisable to lesbians and bisexual women in other settings while the community sample was purposively selected to reflect demographic diversity. These data aren’t designed to express all lesbians and bisexual females, but rather to explain variety of intimate history and training in a sample that is large of that have intercourse with females.